Work so far


Through the Waste Minimisation Fund we co-funded, with the WasteMINZ Territorial Authorities Officer's Forum, research into levels of contamination and missed capture in household kerbside recycling bins ,.

We also co-funded research with WasteMINZ into household kerbside recycling behaviours and motivations for recycling.


WasteMINZ’s recommendations report 

We commissioned WasteMINZ to run a series of hui with local government and industry to identify opportunities for improving household kerbside recycling.

Read WasteMINZ’s recommendations report 

There were four key recommendations in the report:

  • standardise materials to be collected in domestic kerbside recycling collections across the country and how they should be presented to:
    • increase consistency
    • reduce confusion for householders
    • reduce contamination
  • incentivise local authorities to collect food waste for composting to reduce kerbside residual rubbish to landfill
  • incentivise local authorities to collect glass separately from other recyclable materials to improve the quality of all materials accepted in kerbside recycling
  • provide best practice recommendations for food waste, recycling, and residual rubbish collections to increase consistency across the country.

The report outlined that robust health and safety research should be commissioned. The scope of this research should include the risks for different types of rubbish and recycling collection systems and how these could be minimised and managed.

This research was completed in 2021.


There was research into:

  • the prevalence of home composting
  • how individuals dispose of home compostable packaging.

This was to determine the impact of home compostable packaging on kerbside collections.

Read General public attitudes to composting and compostable packaging


  • The government consulted the public on improvements to household kerbside recycling and two other proposals as part of the Transforming Recycling consultation. The consultation closed on 22 May.
  • Officials are analysing submissions. We received over 6,000 submissions for all three proposals from stakeholders including the general public, councils, NGOs, businesses and the beverage industry. The summary of submissions is likely to be published later this year. It will include how many submissions were received for each proposal. The expected timing of Cabinet decisions is late 2022. 
  • The Ministry released its interim regulatory impact statement. This is an analysis of the costs and benefits of the proposal as well as its impact on different stakeholders. A final regulatory impact statement, informed by the consultation, will accompany final policy proposals.