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Te hau mārohi ki anamata Towards a productive, sustainable and inclusive economy: Aotearoa New Zealand's first emissions reduction plan

Two people stand by a wind turbine on a hill.

Aotearoa New Zealand’s first emissions reduction plan contains strategies, policies and actions for achieving our first emissions budget and contributing to global efforts to limit global temperature rise to 1.5˚C above pre-industrial levels.

The Table of actions also forms part of the emissions reduction plan. Supporting information includes the Government's response to the Climate Change Commission’s recommendations and the Technical information annex. These documents are linked in the related publications section at the bottom of this page.

Emissions reduction plan summary

Our journey towards a productive, sustainable and inclusive economy

The transition to a low-emissions economy is a significant opportunity to improve our economic prosperity, lower the cost of living, restore nature, address inequality and improve living standards for all New Zealanders. Climate action is an investment in higher paying jobs, more productive businesses and resilient supply chains.

The emissions reduction plan sets out how Aotearoa New Zealand will reduce our impact on the climate

Emissions reduction targets

By 2050:

  • Long-lived greenhouse gas emissions are net zero
  • Biogenic methane emissions are 24–47% below 2017 levels.
Emissions budgets

Interim targets that step towards 2050

Emissions reduction plans

The policies and strategies to achieve the emissions budgets

Adaptation measures

Strategies to help us understand and respond to climate change risks

The emissions reduction plan puts Aotearoa New Zealand on a path to achieve our longterm targets and contribute to global efforts to limit temperature rise to 1.5˚C above pre-industrial levels. The actions in this plan enable us to meet our first emissions budget. This requires Aotearoa to reduce our emissions by an extra 11.5 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (Mt CO2-e) between 2022 and 2025. This is the emissions equivalent of approximately 4.3 to 5.5 million petrol-based cars driving 10,000 kilometres a year.

The plan builds on the steps we have already taken to address climate change, including:

  • passing the Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Act in 2019
  • major reforms to the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme
  • the end of new offshore fossil fuel exploration
  • putting the public sector on the path to carbon neutrality by 2025
  • sustainable finance reforms such as introducing a world-first climate reporting legislation, changing default KiwiSaver providers and establishing the New Zealand Green Investment Finance
  • major investment in public transport and rail, as well as programmes to encourage New Zealanders to buy cleaner vehicles (eg, Clean Vehicle Discount).

The plan sets out actions that we can all get behind. Working together, we can build a better future for all New Zealanders.

Lowering living costs and supporting households to thrive

Action to address climate change will make New Zealanders better off.

The transition to a low-emissions economy provides an opportunity to lower the cost of living in Aotearoa and improve living standards.

Improving access to affordable, sustainable transport options

The emissions reduction plan will help us move away from fossil fuels and reduce exposure to volatile global fuel markets. The Government will help households reduce their transport emissions by improving access to affordable, sustainable transport options, including by:

  • continuing the Clean Vehicle Discount to help New Zealanders purchase low- and zero-emission vehicles and reduce their fuel and vehicle maintenance costs
  • improving electric vehicle charging infrastructure across New Zealand to ensure that all New Zealanders can charge when they need to
  • making cleaner vehicles and low-emissions alternatives affordable for low-income households through a vehicle scrap-and-replace scheme
  • improving travel choices and accessibility by providing people with more convenient, affordable and frequent buses and trains, as well as safer walkways and cycle lanes.

Actions such as these will help put us on track to make zero-emissions vehicles 30 per cent of light vehicles (cars, vans, utes) and reduce the total kilometres light vehicles travel by 20 per cent by 2035.

Supporting sustainable, healthy and affordable homes

We’ll increase our health and prosperity with healthier homes and sustainable communities by:

  • helping low-income households with funding for heating and insulation upgrades through the Warmer Kiwi Homes initiative
  • improving insulation standards so new buildings will be warmer and drier while requiring 40 per cent less energy to heat
  • improving our urban environments and increasing housing supply and affordability (through Resource Management reform, urban development policy direction and infrastructure investment)
  • funding and supporting community renewable energy generation, including through the Māori and Public Housing Renewable Energy Fund.

Making it easier to reduce organic waste and manage it responsibly

The Government will support every household to play a part, making it easier to reduce organic waste by:

  • supporting households and businesses to prevent food waste
  • increasing kerbside collection of food scraps, so that most households have access to a food waste collection service by 2030
  • investing in waste infrastructure such as composting and other organic processing and resource recovery facilities.

Building a prosperous Aotearoa New Zealand through high-value exports and innovation

The plan builds Aotearoa New Zealand’s reputation as a provider of clean, green and safe products.

To keep up with global customer expectations, we must reduce the footprint of our products and continue to build new export opportunities – especially for our food and fibre industries.

Building our brand as one of the most sustainable producers of food and fibre in the world

The actions in the plan will ensure Aotearoa New Zealand is one of the most sustainable providers of food in the world. This will be achieved by:

  • incentivising farmers to reduce their impact on the climate by being the first in the world to introduce a price on agricultural emissions from 2025
  • establishing a Centre for Climate Action on Agricultural Emissions to accelerate getting emissions-reduction tools, practices and technologies on farm
  • working alongside farmers with climate-focused farm advisory and extension services
  • funding tikanga-based agriculture programmes to support the aspirations of Māori
  • increasing the value of our forestry sector by supporting low-emissions products and accelerating the bioenergy market.

Improving productivity and giving businesses greater control over their energy use and costs

Adopting clean technologies and improving sustainability will make our supply chains and industries more productive. This includes moving to low-emissions manufacturing, freight and aviation.

The Government will enable sustainable supply chains by:

  • supporting businesses to improve energy efficiency, reduce costs and switch from fossil fuels to low-emissions alternatives through continuing the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority’s business programmes and expanding the Government Investment in Decarbonising Industry fund
  • banning new low- and medium-temperature coal boilers and phasing out existing ones by 2037
  • developing a gas transition plan to set out a path away from fossil gases and explore opportunities for renewable gases
  • ensuring emissions from freight transport are reduced by 35 per cent by 2035 through initiatives such as the Sustainable Biofuels Obligation, supporting uptake of zero-emissions trucks and enabling low- and zero-carbon shipping on key trade routes
  • working with the private sector to accelerate Aotearoa New Zealand’s bioenergy market
  • enabling sustainable tourism and export industries through initiatives such as the Sustainable Aviation Fuels Partnership with Air New Zealand.

The plan will also support the growth of new industries such as green hydrogen and the bioeconomy, and put Aotearoa on a path to a circular economy by 2050.

Embracing innovation and technology to lower emissions and improve living standard

New technologies will allow Aotearoa to reduce emissions, increase productivity and improve living standards for all.

Low-emissions technologies are already available to assist our transition, and the Government is backing innovators to come up with more.

We also have generations of indigenous knowledge to guide our transition to a low-emissions economy. The Government’s Vision Mātauranga policy enables the science and innovation potential of Māori knowledge and a holistic worldview that centres nature in technological advances.

The Government is already driving Aotearoa to a more innovative future through its $800 million investment in climate-related research, science and innovation.

Climate innovation platforms will bring domestic and international innovators, governments, entrepreneurs and experts together to discover and embrace new clean technologies.

Enhancing nature in all aspects of our economy and landscapes

Our precious native forests and plants store carbon, increase our resilience to impacts of climate change and support our biodiversity and wellbeing. Protecting, enhancing and restoring nature is at the heart of our response to the climate and biodiversity crisis.

Key actions to support nature-based solutions include:

  • encouraging greater levels of native afforestation to build a long-term carbon sink (where carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere) that supports biodiversity
  • reducing the costs of restoring our native forests and delivering pest control that will help our native ecosystems thrive and remove more carbon
  • protecting our native vegetation and the carbon it stores from climate change impacts
  • prioritising nature-based solutions, such as dunes and wetlands, to remove and store carbon and provide protection from flooding and rising sea levels.

Enabling an equitable transition for Māori, led by Māori

We need to ensure an equitable transition for Māori, led by Māori, to uphold Māori rights and interests under Te Tiriti o Waitangi. Achieving an equitable transition means building Māori–Crown relationships and capability, so that we can progress our climate response work as partners.

The plan includes Māori and government working together to:

  • develop a new platform for Māori climate action that will enable tangata whenua to actively participate in the climate response
  • develop a Māori climate strategy and action plan that will elevate te ao Māori and mātauranga Māori within the overall climate response
  • ensure the right funding and resourcing for community action, kaupapa Māori, and tangata Māori actions and solutions.

The emissions reduction plan will ensure no one is left behind

Our transition will require us to change the way we do things over the next 30 years. Workers, whānau and households, business and industry, Māori, regional communities and economies, and wider communities need to be supported through this period of change.

The plan includes actions to ensure an equitable transition, for example:

  • providing new jobs in low-emissions industries
  • supporting regions and communities to plan for the transition
  • partnering with groups from across Aotearoa, including BusinessNZ and the New Zealand Council of Trade Unions to address challenges and opportunities, and support an equitable transition
  • reforming the education and training system to support people to develop the skills needed for a low-emissions economy
  • employment support, including retraining, skill-enhancement opportunities and income assistance to support workers and households.

The Government will lead by example

The Government launched its Carbon Neutral Government Programme (CNGP) to combat climate change and accelerate emissions reductions within the public sector.

The CNGP requires a number of public sector agencies to achieve carbon neutrality by 2025.

The CNGP is backed by the State Sector Decarbonisation Fund, which invests in projects that will have the greatest impact on emissions.

This includes:

  • replacing 12 large and active coal boilers across the government estate
  • a commitment to replace all remaining coal boilers in schools (around 180 boilers) by 2025
  • co-funding to purchase almost 1,000 electric vehicles, as well as other low-emissions projects.

Our journey to a productive, sustainable, inclusive economy: A snapshot

Thriving households

What’s underway
  • More than 1,100 electric vehicle (EV) chargers co-funded across Aotearoa with more to come.
  • The Clean Vehicle package has helped triple monthly EV sales.
  • The Warmer Kiwi Homes initiative helps fund heating and insulation upgrades for low-income households.
  • The National Policy Statement on Urban Development to allow more housing close to urban centres and
    rapid and active transport routes.
What's coming
  • Most urban households to have access to a food waste collection service by 2030.
  • All municipal landfills to have landfill gas capture systems by 2026.
  • Zero-emissions public bus mandate established by 2025.
Our goals
  • The total distance travelled by the light fleet (cars, vans, utes) is reduced by 20 per cent by 2035.
  • Zero-emissions vehicles are 30 per cent of the light fleet by 2035.
  • Improved insulation standards mean new buildings are warmer and drier and require 40 per cent less energy to heat.
  • Faster, frequent and convenient buses and trains and safe walkways and cycle lanes through our cities.

Enhanced nature

What’s underway
  • Over 5,000 new nature-based jobs and support for planting native trees and restoring ecosystems.
  • Aotearoa New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy is being implemented across the motu.
What's coming
  • Enhanced forestry planning and advisory services to be fully operational in 2023.
  • Increased scale and reduced cost of native seedlings through improved technology use and management.
  • Carbon Neutral Government Programme will use native forests to help sequester emissions from 2025.
Our goals
  • Greater levels of native afforestation create long-term carbon sinks that benefit biodiversity.
  • Nature-based solutions are used to provide protection from the impacts of flooding.
  • Our native forests and the carbon they store are protected from the impacts of climate change.


High-value exports and innovation 

What’s underway
  • He Waka Eke Noa, a partnership between government, industry and Māori to develop an agricultural emissions pricing system and prepare farmers for this change.
  • Around $200 million invested in agricultural emissions research has established the evidence base for new mitigation tools and technologies, capability
    and international leadership.
What's coming
  • Establish a Centre for Climate Action on Agricultural Emissions to get emissions reduction tools, practices and technologies into the hands of farmers sooner.
  • Complete a pilot of farm-level accounting and emissions reporting by 2023.
  • Agricultural emissions are priced from 2025.
  • All farms have emissions reports by the end of 2022 and mitigation plans by 2025.
Our goals
  • Aotearoa has a circular economy with a thriving bioeconomy by 2050.
  • Half of all energy we use is from renewable resources by 2035.
  • Incorporating mātauranga Māori supports better decision-making throughout the climate response.
What’s underway
  • Multi-million-dollar co-investment in industry decarbonisation and economic growth.
  • Mandatory climate-related risk reporting for listed companies and financial institutions.
  • New Zealand Green Investment Finance to accelerate investment in our low-carbon future.
  • End to new offshore fossil fuel exploration.
What's coming
  • Embed Te Tiriti, mātauranga Māori, and Māori aspirations in our research, science and innovation system through the Vision Mātauranga policy.
  • Grow research and development spending across Aotearoa to 2 per cent of GDP by 2030.
  • Use climate innovation platforms to drive the discovery and adoption of new clean technologies.
  • Develop an energy strategy by the end of 2024.
Our goals
  • Aotearoa has a circular economy with a thriving bioeconomy by 2050.
  • Half of all energy we use is from renewable resources by 2035.
  • Incorporating mātauranga Māori supports better decision-making throughout the climate response.

Te mahere whakaheke tukunga tuatahi a Aotearoa he paku tirohanga atu

Tō tātou haere ki te ōhanga whakaputa me te toitū e whai wāhi ai te katoa

He whai wāhitanga hira te whakaumu ki te ōhanga tukunga-iti ki te whakapai ake i tō tātou taurikura ohaoha, te whakaheke i te utu noho, te whakaora i te taiao tūturu, te whakakore i te ōritenga kore me te whakapai ake i ngā paerewa noho mō ngā tāngata katoa o Aotearoa. He haumitanga te whakamauru huringa āhuarangi ki ngā mahi e nui atu ai te utu kaimahi, ki ngā pakihi e nui atu ai ngā whakaputaranga, me ngā ara tukutuku pakari.

Ko tā te mahere whakaheke tukunga he whakatakoto i ngā āhua e whakaheke ai a Aotearoa i tō tātou pāpānga ki te āhuarangi

Ngā ūnga whakaheke tukunga

Hei te 2050:

  • Kia kore ngā tukunga more o ngā haurewa kati mahana tūroa
  • Kia 24–47% i raro i ngā taumata o te 2017 ngā tukunga mewaro ahukoiora.
Ngā tahua tukunga

Te poutama o ngā ūnga taupua tae atu ki te 2050.

Ngā mahere whakaheke tukunga

Ngā kaupapahere me ngā rautaki e tutuki ai ngā tahua tukunga.

Ngā tikanga urutau

Ngā rautaki hei āwhina i tō tātou māramatanga me te urupare ki ngā mōrearea panoni āhuarangi.

Mā te mahere whakaheke tukunga e whāia ai e Aotearoa te ara ki te whakatutuki i ā tātou ūnga pae tawhiti me te whai wāhi ki ngā mahi ā-ao ki te whakatiki i te pikinga pāmahana ki te 1.5˚C i runga ake i ngā taumata i te wā o te whananga ahumahi. Mā ngā mahi o tēnei mahere e āhei tātou ki te whakatuki i tā tātou tahua tukunga tuatahi. Ka hiahia tērā kia whakaheke a Aotearoa i ā tātou tukunga mā tētahi ōritenga ki ngā mekatana 11.5 tāpiri (Mt CO2-e) i waenga i te 2022 me te 2025. Koinei te ōritenga tukunga o tōna 4.3 ki te 5.5 miriona waka whai pūkaha koranehe e taraiwa ana i te 10,000 kiromita ia tau.

Ko tā te mahere he whakawhānui i ngā mahi kua oti kē ki te whakamauru i te huringa āhuarangi, tae atu ki:

  • te whakamana i te Ture Menamena Urupare Panoni Āhuarangi (Waro Kore) 2019
  • ngā whakahoutanga matua ki te Kaupapa Hokohoko Tukunga o Aotearoa
  • te kati i ngā rapu koranehe hou i te takere moana
  • te whakarite kia eke i te rāngai tūmatanui te tukuwaro koretanga ā te 2025
  • ngā whakahoutanga ahumoni toitū pērā i te whakamana i tētahi ture pūrongo āhuarangi he tuatahitanga i te ao, te huri i ngā kaiwhakarato Kiwisaver taunoa me te whakatū i te New Zealand Green Investment Finance
  • tētahi haumitanga matua ki te tūnuku tūmataiti me te rerewē, me ngā kaupapa whakatenatena i a ngāi Aotearoa kia hoko waka tukuwaro-iti (hei tauira, te Whakahekenga Utu mō ngā Waka Tukuwaro-iti).

Kei te whakatakoto mahere te mahere mā tātou katoa e whakatinana. Mā te mahi ngātahi ka taea he āpōpōtanga pai ake mō ngā tāngata katoa o Aotearoa.

Te whakaiti i ngā utu noho me te tautoko kāinga kia taurikura ai

Mā te otinga o ngā mahi ki te whakamauru i te huringa āhuarangi e nui ake ai te taurikura o ngā tāngata o Aotearoa. Ka whakarato te whakaumu ki te ōhanga tukuwaro iti i te whai wāhitanga ki te whakaiti i te utu noho me te whakapai ake i ngā paerewa noho i Aotearoa.

Te whakanui ake i te wātea ki ngā kōwhiringa tūnuku toitū, tareka ā-utu hoki

Ka āwhina te mahere whakaheke tukunga i a tātou ki te whakarere i te koranehe me te whakaiti i tō tātou noho whakaraerae ki ngā mākete koranehe takahirihiri ā-ao. Ka āwhina te kāwanatanga i ngā ngā kāinga kia whakaiti i ō rātou tukanga tūnuku mā te whakarato i ngā kōwhiringa tūnuku toitū, ngāwari te utu, tae atu ki:

  • te whakarite kia haere tonu te Whakahekenga Utu mō ngā Waka Tukuwaro-iti mā te āwhina i ngā tāngata o Aotearoa ki te hoko mai i ngā waka tukuwaro-iti, tukuwaro-kore hoki, me te whakaiti i ā rātou utu kora me te tautiaki waka
  • te whakanui ake i ngā wāhi whakahiko waka puta noa i Aotearoa kia taea ai e ngā tāngata katoa o Aotearoa ō rātou waka te whakahiko ina hiahiatia
  • te whakangāwari ake i te utu mō ngā waka tukuwaro-iti, ngā kōwhiringa tukuwaro-iti rānei, ki ngā kāinga kei reira te iti o te moni whiwhi mā tētahi kaupapa whakawātea-ka- whakakapi
  • te whakanui ake i ngā kōwhiringa hāereere me te wātea ki ēnei mā te whakarato i ngā pahi me ngā tereina he nui ake te haratau, te ngāwari o te utu, me te pūputu ki ngā tāngata, me ngā arahīkoi, ngā ara paihikara haumaru ake anō hoki.

Mā ngā mahi pēnei e para te huarahi hei whakarite kia tukuwaro-kore te 30 ōrau o ngā waka māmā (motukā, wēne, taraka iti), ka mutu, kia whakaiti i te tapeke kiromita e haerea ai i ngā waka māmā mā te 20 ōrau ā te 2035.

Te tautoko i ngā kāinga tareka ā-utu, hauora me te toitū

Mā mātou e whakapiki tō tātou hauora me te taurikura mā ngā kāinga hauora ake me ngā hapori toitū mā te:

  • āwhina ā-pūtea i ngā whare kei reira te iti te o te moni whiwhi ki te whakamahana whare me te whiwhi whakamohoatanga ārai makariri mā te kōkiri Warmer Kiwi Homes
  • whakapai ake i ngā paerewa ārai makariri kia mahana ake ai, kia maroke ake ai ngā whare hou, ka mutu ka whakamahi i te pūngao e 40% te iti iho mō te whakamahana
  • whakapai ake i ō tātou taiao ā-tāone me te whakanui ake te maha o ngā whare me te tareka ā-utu (mā te whakahoutanga Whakahaere Rawa, te aronga o ngā kaupapahere whakawhanake ā-tāone, me ngā haumitanga tūāhanga)
  • tuku pūtea me te tautoko i te hanga pūngao whakahou, tae atu ki te Māori and Public Housing Renewable Energy Fund.

Te whakamāmā i te whakaiti pararopi me te whakahaere i runga i te haepapa

Mā te Kāwanatanga ia whare e tautoko ki te whai wāhi mai, me te whakamāmā i te whakaheke pararopi mā te:

  • tautoko kāinga me ngā pakihi ki te ārai para kai
  • whakanui ake i te kohinga paeara o ngā para kai, kia āhei ai te nuinga o ngā whare ki tētahi ratonga kohikohi para kai ā te 2030
  • haumi ki te tūāhanga whakahaere para pēnei i te whakawairākau me ētahi atu rawapuni mō te tukatuka pararopi me te taumanu rawa.

Te hanga i tētahi Aotearoa taurikura mā ngā hokonga whakawaho he nui te uara, me te whai i ngā aronga hou

Ko tā te mahere he whakakaha i tō Aotearoa ingoa hei kaiwhakarato hua mā, kākāriki me te haumaru.

E ū ai ki ngā kawatau a ngā kiritaki huri noa i te ao, me mātua whakaiti i te tapuwae waru, hauropi anō hoki, me te hangahanga tonu i ngā whai wāhitanga hou mō te hoko whakawaho - inarā mō ō tātou ahumahi kai me te kaka.

Te whakapakari i tō tātou ingoa hei kaiwhakanao toitū o ngā kai me te kaka i te ao

Mā ngā maha o te mahere e whakarite kia noho a Aotearoa hei kaiwhakarato kai tino toitū rawa o te ao. Ka tutuki tēnei i:

  • te whakapoapoa kaipāmu kia whakaheke i tō rātou pāpātanga ki te āhuarangi mā te noho hei tuatahitanga i te ao mō te whakauru i tētahi utu ki ngā tukunga ahuwhenua atu i te 2025.
  • te whakatū i tētahi Pokapū Panoni Āhuarangi Whakaiti Tukanga Ahuwhenua hei whakatere i te whiwhinga utauta, ritenga me ngā hangarau whakaheke tukunga i runga pāmu
  • te mahi i te taha o ngā kaipāmu me ngā ratonga tohutohu, toronga hoki ā-pāmu e aro ana ki te āhuarangi
  • te tuku pūtea ki ngā hōtaka ahuwhenua aro ki ngā tikanga hei tautoko i ngā wawata o ngāi Māori
  • te whakapiki i te uara o tō tātou rāngai ahurākau mā te tautoko i ngā hua tukunga-iti me te whakatere ake i te mākere pūngaokoiora.

Te whakanui whakaputaranga me te whakarite kia nui ake tō ngā pakihi kaha ki te whakahaere i tā rātou whakamahi pūngao me ngā utu pātahi

Mā te whai i ngā hangarau mā me te whakapiki i te toitūtanga e nui ake ai te whakaputaranga o ō tātou ara tukutuku, ahumahi anō hoki. Kei roto i tēnei ko te neke ki ngā mahi whakanao, te kawekawe utanga me ngā ratonga manurere e iti ai ngā tukunga.

Ka whakaahei te Kāwanatanga i ngā ara tukutuku toitū mā te:

  • tautoko i ngā pakihi ki te whakakaha ake i te whāomotanga pāungao, te whakaiti utu, me te whakawhiti i ngā koranehe ki ngā kōwhiringa tukunga-iti kē mā te whakarite kia haere tonu ngā kaupapa pakihi a Te Tari Tiaki Pūngao me te whakawhānui i te Haumitanga ki te tahua Whakaheke Tukunga Waro a te Kāwanatanga
  • aukati i ngā kura paera hou pāmahana iti, pāmahana wera hoki e tahutahu waro koranehe ana, me ngā mea o nāianei hoki, mā te 2037
  • whakawhanake i te mahere whakawhiti haurehu ki te para i te huarahi mō te wehe atu i ngā haurehu koranehe me te tūhurahura whai wāhitanga whakamahi haurehu whakahou
  • whakarite kia whakahekea ngā tukunga mai i te tūnuku kawe utanga mā te 35 ōrau ā te 2035 mā ngā kōkiri pērā i te Herenga Korakoiora Toitū, te tautoko i te nui ake o ngā taraka tukunga-kore me te whakaahei i te kawenga ā-kaipuke warokore i ngā ara tauhokohoko matua
  • mahi tahi ki te rāngai tūmataiti ki te whakatere i te whanaketanga o te mākete pūngaokoiora o Aotearoa
  • te whakaahei i ngā mahi tāpoi me ngā ahumahi hoko whakawaho e toitū ana pēnei i te Rangapū Kora Rererangi Toitū ki a Air New Zealand.

Ka tautoko anō hoki te mahere i te whanaketanga o ngā ahumahi hou pērā i te hauwai kākāriki me te ōhanga koiora, ka mutu, ka whāia e Aotearoa te ara ki te ōhanga āmiomio ā te 2050.

Te whakatinana i ngā kōkiritanga me te hangarau hei whakaheke tukunga me te whakapai ake i ngā paerewa noho

Mā te hangarau hou a Aotearoa e tuku kia whakaheke tukunga, whakapiki i te whakaputaranga me te whakapai ake i ngā paerewa noho o te katoa.

Kua wātea kē ngā hangarau tukunga-iti hei āwhina i tō tātou panoni, ā, kei te tautoko te Kāwanatanga i ngā kaihanga auaha kia whakawhanake i ētahi atu anō.

E wātea ana hoki ki a tātou ngā whakatupuranga maha o te mātauranga taketake hei ārahi i tā tātou whakawhiti ki te ōhanga tukunga-iti. Ka whakamana te kaupapahere Vision Mātauranga a te Kāwanatanga i te pūtaiao me te pūmanawa auaha o te mātauranga Māori me te tirohanga torowhānui ā-ao e noho pū ai te taiao ki ngā kōkiritanga hangarau.

E āki kē ana te Kāwanatanga kia nui ake te auahatanga o Aotearoa ki anamata mā tana haumitanga $800 miriona ki te rangahau e pā ana ki te āhuarangi, te pūtaiao me te auahatanga.

  • E tautoko ana te kaupapa whakaaturanga hangarau a Te Tari Tiaki Pūngao i ngā pakihi kia ū ki ngā hangarau pakari, ngā whakapainga tukanga auaha rānei.
  • Kei te tautoko te pūhara Hangarau Pūngao Whatutoto a te Kāwanatanga i ngā hangarau tērā ka tino panoni rawa i te ao pūngao me te whakawhanake i ngā whai wāhitanga hokohoko.

Ka whakahuihui ngā pūhara auahatanga āhuarangi i ngā kaihanga auaha ā-motu, ā-ao hoki, ngā kāwanatanga, ngā rakahinonga me ngā mātanga ki te tūhurahura me te whakatinana i ngā hangarau mā hou.

Te whakarei i te taiao tūturu i ngā āhuatanga katoa o tō tātou ōhanga me ō tātou anō ao

Ka rokiroki waro ō tātou ngāherehere me ngā tipu māori, ka whakakaha i tō tātou aumangea ki ngā pāpātanga o te panoni āhuarangi, ka mutu ka hāpai i tō tātou rerenga koiora me te toiora. Kei te uho te tiaki, te whakarei me te whakaora i te taiao tūturu o tā mātou urupare ki te mōrearea āhuarangi me te rerenga koiora.

Kei roto i ngā mahi matua hei tautoko i ngā rongoā ko te taiao te pūtake ko ēnei:

  • te whakatītina i te nui ake o te whakatō ngahere rākau māori hei hanga i te putunga waro wā roa (e tangohia ai te waro hāora-rua i te hau takiwā) ka toko i te rerenga koiora
  • te whakaiti i ngā utu ki te whakaora i ō tātou ngahere māori me te whakatinana i te patu kīrearea tērā ka āwhina i ō tātou pūnaha rauropi kia tōnui, me te aha ka tangohia te nui ake o te waro
  • te tiaki i ō tātou otaota māori me te waro e rokirokia ana i roto i ngā pāpānga o te panoni āhuarangi
  • te whakaarotau i ngā rongoā e pūtakea ana i te taiao, pērā i ngā tāhuahua kirikiri me ngā kūkūwai, te tango me te rokiroki waro me te whakapūmau parenga ki te waipuketanga me ngā tai moana piki.

Te whakamana i te panoni mana ōrite mō te Māori, mā te Māori e arataki

Ko tā mātou he whakarite i te panoni mana ōrite mō te Māori, mā te Māori e arataki ki te hāpai i ngā motika me ngā pānga Māori i raro i Te Tiriti o Waitangi. E tutuki ai te panoni mana ōrite, me whakapakari i ngā hononga Māori-Karauna kaha, kia taea ai te koke i ā mātou mahi urupare hei hoa pātui.

Mā taua mahere me mahi ngātahi te Māori me te kāwanatanga ki te:

  • whakawhanake i te pūhara hou mō tā te Māori whakamauru huringa āhuarangi e āhei ai te tangata whenua kia āta whai wāhi ki te urupare āhuarangi
  • whakawhanake i tētahi rautaki āhuarangi me te mahere mahi ka mairangi i te ao Māori me te mātauranga Māori i roto i te whānuitanga o ngā urupare ki ngā panoni āhuarangi
  • whakarite i te tahua me ngā rauemi e tika ana mō ngā mahi ā-hapori, ngā kaupapa Māori, me ngā mahi me ngā rongoā ā-tangata Māori.

Ka whakarite te mahere whakaheke tukunga kia kaua tētahi e mahue ki muri

Mo te taha ki taua whakawhitinga nei me whakaumu i ā tātou mahi puta noa i ēnei tau e 30 e tū mai nei. Me tautoko ngā kaimahi, whānau me ngā kāinga, ngā pakihi me ngā ahumahi, a ngāi Māori, ngā hapori me ngā ōhanga ā-rohe, me ngā hapori whānui ake puta noa i te roanga o taua wā o te panoni.

Kei roto i te mahere ngā mahi hei whakarite i te whakawhitinga mana ōrite, hei tauira:

  • te whakarato mahi i ngā ahumahi tukungta-iti
  • te tautoko i ngā rohe me ngā hapori ki te whakamahere i te whakawhitinga
  • te whakahoa ki ngā rōpū huri noa i Aotearoa, tae atu ki BusinessNZ me Te Kauae Kaimahi ki te whakatutuki i ngā wero me ngā whai wāhitanga, ki te tautoko i te whakawhitinga mana ōrite
  • te whakahou i te pūnaha mātauranga me te whakangungu ki te tautoko tāngata ki te whakawhanake i ngā pūkenga e hiahiatia ana mō te ōhanga tukunga-iti
  • te tautoko whakawhiwhi mahi, tae atu ki te whakangungu anō, ngā whai wāhitanga whakarei pūkenga, me te āwhina ā-moni whiwhi ki te tautoko kaimahi me ngā kāinga.

Mā te Kāwanatanga ngā mahi e whakatauira

I whakarewa te Kāwanatanga i tana Kaupapa Kore Waro a te Kāwanatanga (Carbon Neutral Government Programme (CNGP) ki te whakamauru i te panoni āhuarangi me te whakahoro ake i ngā whakahekenga tukunga i roto i te rāngai tūmatanui.

Ko te whakarite o te CNGP kia tutuki i ētahi o ngā umanga rāngai tūmatanui te tukuwaro kore hei te 2025.

E taituarātia ana te CNGP e te Tahua Whakaheke Tukuwaro Rāngai Kāwanatanga, tērā ka haumi ki ngā kaupapa he tino nui rawa te pāpātanga ki te whakaheke tukunga. Kei roto i ēnei:

  • te whakakapi i ngā kura paera tahutahu waro koranehe 12 nō te kāwanatanga e whakamahi tonutia ana
  • te ū ki te whakakapi i ērā kura paera waro koranehe e toe ana i ngā kura (ko tōna 1800) hei te tau 2025
  • te tuku pūtea tautokorua hei hoko mai i te takiwā o te 1,000 waka hiko, me ētahi atu kaupapa tukunga-iti.

Tō tātou haerenga ki te ōhanga whakauruuru, toitū me te whakauruuru: He hopuāhua

Ngā kāinga taurikura

Ngā mea kua tīmata kētia
  • Kua tautokoruatia ā-pūtea koni atu i te 1,100 pūwhakahiko waka hiko (EV) huri noa i Aotearoa, me ētahi atu anō ā muri atu.
  • Kua āwhina te mōkī Waka Mā ki te whakareatoru i ngā hokonga EV ā-marama.
  • Kei te āwhina te kōkiri Warmer Kiwi Homes ki te utu i te whakamahana me ngā whakamohoatanga ārai makariri mō ngā kāinga kei reira te iti o te moni whiwhi.
  • Te Tauākī Kaupapahere ā-Motu mō te Whakawhanaketanga Tāone hei tuku i te hanganga o ngā whare maha ake kia pātata ki ngā pokapū tāone me ngā ara ikiiki tere e kaha whakamahia ana.
Ngā mea kei te haere mai
  • Ka wātea ki te nuinga o ngā kāinga ā-tāone tētahi ratonga kohikohi parakai ā te 2030.
  • Ka whai pūnaha hopu haurehu ngā ruapara ā-tāone katoa ā te 2026.
  • Ka whaimana te whakaritenga kia tukunga kore ngā pahi tūmatanui ā te 2025.
Ō mātou whāinga
  • Ka whakahekea te tawhiti katoa ka haeretia e ngā waka māmā (ngā motukā, wēne, taraka paku) mā te 20 ōrau ā te 2035.
  • Ko te 30 ōrautanga o ngā waka he waka tukunga-kore ā te 2035.
  • Mā ngā paerewa ārai makariri kua whakapaitia ake e mahana ake ai, e maroke ake ai ngā whare hou, ka mutu ka whakamahi i te pūngao e 40% te iti iho mō te whakamahana.
  • Ngā pahi me ngā tereina tere ake, maha ake, haratau ake, ngā ara hīkoi me ngā ara pahikara haumaru ake puta noa i ō tātou tāonenui.

Te taiao tūturu kua whakareia

Ngā mea kua tīmata kētia
  • Koni atu i te 5,000 ngā mahi hou e aro ana ki te taiao, me te tautoko mō te onoono rākau me te whakaora pūnaha rauropi.
  • Kei te whakatinanahia te Rautaki Rerenga Rauropi o Aotearoa puta noa i te whenua.
Ngā mea kei te haere mai
  • Kua mārō te haere o te whakamahere ahurākau whakarei me ngā ratonga tohutohu hāngai ā te 2023.
  • Ka whakanuitia ake te maha, kua whakahekea anō hoki te utu, o ngā wana rākau māori mā te hangarau pai ake me ngā mahi whakahaere pai ake.
  • Ka whakamahi te Kaupapa Kore Waro a te Kāwanatanga i ngā ngahere māori hei āwhina ki te whakataratahi tukunga atu i te tau 2025.
Ō mātou whāinga
  • Kia nui ake te whakatō ngahere rākau māori hei hanga putunga waro wā roa e whai hua ai te rerenga rauropi.
  • Ka whakamahia ngā rongoā aro ki te taiao hei whakarato whakamarutanga i ngā pāpānga o te waipuketanga.
  • Ka parea ō tātou ngahere māori me te waro e rokia ana i roto i ngā pāpātanga o te panoni āhuarangi.

Ngā hokonga whakawaho he nui te uara, me te aronga hou

Ngā mea kua tīmata kētia
  • He Waka Eke Noa, he rangapūtanga i waenga i te kāwanatanga, te rāngai ahumahi me ngāi Māori ki te whakawhanake i tētahi pūnaha utu mō ngā tukunga ahuwhenua, me te whakarite kia takatū ngā kaipāmu mō taua panoni.
  • Kua whakapūmau te haumitanga tata ki te $200 miriona ki te rangahau tukunga ahuwhenua i te papa taunakitanga mō ngā utauta whakamauru me ngā hangarau hou, te āheinga me te hautūtanga ā-ao.
Ngā mea kei te haere mai
  • Te whakatū i tētahi Pokapū Panoni Āhuarangi Whakaiti Tukanga Ahuwhenua hei whakatere i tā ngā kaipāmu whiwhinga utauta, ritenga me ngā hangarau whakaheke tukunga.
  • Te whakaoti i tētahi whakamātau mō ngā mahi kaute ā-pāmu me te pūrongorongo tukanga ā te 2023.
  • Ka whakaritea he utu mō ngā tukunga ahuwhenua atu i te 2025.
  • Ka whai pūrongo tukunga ngā pāmu katoa hei te mutunga o te 2022 me ngā mahere whakamauru hei te 2025.
Ō mātou whāinga
  • Ko Aotearoa tētahi o ngā kaiwhakanao tino toitū rawa o ngā kai me te kaka i te ao.
  • Ka taea e ngā kaipāmu ngā hangarau whakamauru whatutoto ka tautoko i ō tātou pūnaha pāmu kararehe.
  • He 10 ōrau te iti iho o ngā tukunga mewaro ahukoiora mai i ngā mahi ahuwhenua ā te 2030, me te 24-47 ōrau te iti iho ā te 2050 (ina whakatauritea ki ngā taumata o te 2017).
Ngā mea kua tīmata kētia
  • Te haumitanga tautokorua o ngā miriona tāra ki te whakaheke tukunga waro ahumahi me te whanaketanga ohaoha.
  • Te pūrongo whakature i ngā mōrearea e pā ana ki te āhuarangi mā ngā kamupene tuku hea me ngā pūtahitanga ahumoni.
  • Te New Zealand Green Investment Finance hei whakatere ake i te haumitanga kia noho waro iti a Aotearoa ā muri atu.
  • Te kati i ki te rapu koranehe hou i te takere moana.
Ngā mea kei te haere mai
  • Te tāmata i Te Tiriti, te mātauranga Māori, me ngā wawata o te Māori ki tā mātou pūnaha aronga hou mō te pūtaiao me te rangahau mā tā mātou kaupapahere Vision Mātauranga.
  • Te whakapiki i te whakapau moni ki te rangahau me te whakawhanake puta noa i Aotearoa ki te 2 ōrau o te tapeke wāriu hokonga (GDP) ā te 2030.
  • Te whakamahi pūhara kōkiritanga mō te āhuarangi hei uruhi i te kitenga me te whakamahinga o ngā hangarau mā hou.
  • Te whakawhanake i tētahi rautaki pūngao ā mua i te paunga o te 2024.
Ō mātou whāinga
  • He ōhanga āmiomio tō Aotearoa e taurikura ai te ōhanga koiora hei te 2050.
  • Kei te ahu mai te haurua o te pūngao e whakamahi ana tātou i ngā rauemi whakahou ā te 2035.
  • Ka whakaputa te komokomo mātauranga Māori i ngā mahi whakatau pai ake i te roanga atu o te urupare ki te panoni āhuarangi.


Correction: 15 June 2022

The fluorinated gases case study in chapter 16 was updated on 15 June 2022. On advice from WorkSafe, we have removed an example relating to a heat pump conversion and have added safety precaution advice for installing natural refrigerants.

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